SHAFT CURRENT, BEARING INSULATION, AND PHASE SEQUENCE TEST OF SYNCHRONOUS GENERATORS



Shaft Current and Bearing Insulation
Irregularities in the SG magnetic circuit lead to a small axial flux that links the shaft. A parasitic current occurs in the shaft, bearings, and machine frame, unless the bearings are insulated from stator core or from rotor shaft.

The presence of pulse-width modulator (PWM) static converters in the stator (or rotor) of SG augments this phenomenon. The pertinent testing is performed with the machine at no load and rated voltage. The voltage between shaft ends is measured with a high impedance voltmeter.

The same current flows through the bearing radially to the stator frame. The presence of voltage across bearing oil film (in uninsulated bearings) is also an indication of the shaft voltage.

If insulated bearings are used, their effectiveness is checked by shorting the insulation and observing an increased shaft voltage. Shaft voltage above a few volts, with insulated bearings, is considered unacceptable due to bearing in-time damage.

Generally, grounded brushes in shaft ends are necessary to prevent it.

Phase Sequence
Phase sequencing is required for securing given rotation direction or for correct phasing of a generator prepared for power bus connection. As known, phase sequencing can be reversed by interchanging any two armature (stator) terminals.

There are a few procedures used to check phase sequence:

• With a phase-sequence indicator (or induction machine)
• With a neon-lamp phase-sequence indicator (Figure 8.1a and Figure 8.1b)
• With the lamp method (Figure 8.1b)

When the SG no-load voltage sequence is 1–2–3 (clockwise), the neon lamp 1 will glow, while for the 1–3–2 sequence, the neon lamp 2 will glow. The test switch is open during these checks.

The apparatus works correctly if, when the test switch is closed, both lamps glow with the same intensity (Figure 8.1a).

FIGURE 8.1 Phase-sequence indicators: (a) independent (1–2–3 or 1–3–2) and (b) relative to power grid.

With four voltage transformers and four lamps (Figure 8.1b), the relative sequence of SG phases to power grid is checked. For direct voltage sequence, all four lamps brighten and dim simultaneously. For the opposite sequence, the two groups of lamps brighten and dim one after the other.


1 comment:

  1. Pressure on the rolls is obtained by a hand wheel and screw on the spindale. insulation blowing machines

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