DOUBLE BUS SINGLE-BREAKER SUBSTATION SCHEME – BASIC INFORMATION AND TUTORIALS



This scheme uses two main buses, and each circuit includes two bus selector disconnect switches. A bus-tie circuit connects to the two main buses and, when closed, allows transfer of a feeder from one bus to the other bus without deenergizing the feeder circuit by operating the bus selector disconnect switches.  


This arrangement allows the operation of the circuits from either bus. In this arrangement, a failure on one bus will not affect the other bus. However, a bus tie breaker failure will cause the outage of the entire system.

The circuits may all operate from either the no. 1 or no. 2 main bus, or half the circuits may be operated off either bus. In the first case, the station will be out of service for bus or breaker failure. In the second case, half the circuits will be lost for bus or breaker failure.

Operating the bus tie breaker in the normally open position defeats the advantages of the two main buses. It arranges the system into two single bus systems, which as described previously, has very low reliability.

Relay protection for this scheme can be complex, depending on the system requirements, flexibility, and needs. With two buses and a bus tie available, there is some ease in doing maintenance, but maintenance on line breakers and switches would still require outside the substation switching to avoid outages.

In some cases circuits operate from both the no. 1 and no. 2 bus, and the bus-tie breaker is normally operated closed. For this type of operation, a very selective bus-protective relaying scheme is required to prevent complete loss of the station for a fault on either bus.

Disconnect-switch operation becomes quite involved, with the possibility of operator error, injury, and possible outage. The double-bus, single-breaker scheme is relatively poor in reliability and is not normally used for important substations.

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